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Wrist and finger fractures

Fractures are injuries that occur when a force is exerted sufficiently capable of breaking a bone, which causes pain, edema and functional disability of the affected area, and deformation may even occur. A fracture is exposed when at least one of the bone fragments pierces the skin.

Fractures of the wrist and fingers can involve several bones of different sizes, from the phalanges to the metacarpals. Its symptoms are high pain that worsens with movement of the joint, swelling and deformity of the region.

These injuries can be caused by contact sports, snow sports or jumping and also by events that can happen in everyday life. In addition, they are more likely to appear in patients with osteoporosis or another bone disease, smokers, as tobacco interferes with calcium absorption, people with restrictive diets, since they may have a calcium or vitamin D deficit, women in the menopause phase and in patients with balance disorders as there is a risk of falling.

The diagnosis is obtained in a medical consultation and through X-rays. In the case of a complex fracture, Computed Axial Tomography (CAT) can be performed in order to study the fracture in detail and outline the most appropriate surgical plan.

Treatment of fractures depends on the patient's age, occupation, dominant hand, history of previous injuries, and presence of bone disease. Immobilization of the affected area with a splint or cast is common and is required for several weeks. Internal or external fixation of the fracture using plates, screws or implants can also be used.

After surgery or immobilization of the affected area, a plan of physiotherapy sessions must be carried out. This plays a key role in the rehabilitation of wrist and finger fractures. It will help to restore the functioning of the area, relieve pain, reduce swelling and strengthen muscles. There are different approaches to these conditions depending on the severity of the fracture, the type of treatment and the individual needs of the patient. In the evaluation consultation, the Physiotherapist and the patient define a treatment plan by objectives, with the patient playing an active role in his recovery.

Recovery from wrist and finger fractures requires patience, commitment and teamwork between patient and physiotherapist. By following the proper treatment, which includes immobilization, surgery, if necessary, and physiotherapy, it is possible to restore the functionality of the affected region. Each step taken, from diagnosis to rehabilitation, is essential to overcome the challenges caused by the fracture and achieve a complete recovery, restoring the desired freedom of movement and well-being to the patient.

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